Law Enforcement Locations
Any location where sworn officers of a law enforcement agency are regularly based or stationed.
Law Enforcement agencies "are publicly funded and employ at least one full-time or part-time sworn
officer with general arrest powers". This is the definition used by the US Department of Justice -
Bureau of Justice Statistics (DOJ-BJS) for their Law Enforcement Management and Administrative
Statistics (LEMAS) survey. Although LEMAS only includes non Federal Agencies, this dataset
includes locations for federal, state, local, and special jurisdiction law enforcement agencies.
Law enforcement agencies include, but are not limited to, municipal police, county sheriffs,
state police, school police, park police, railroad police, federal law enforcement agencies,
departments within non law enforcement federal agencies charged with law enforcement
(e.g., US Postal Inspectors), and cross jurisdictional authorities (e.g., Port Authority Police).
In general, the requirements and training for becoming a sworn law enforcement officer are
set by each state. Law Enforcement agencies themselves are not chartered or licensed by their
state. County, city, and other government authorities within each state are usually empowered
by their state law to setup or disband Law Enforcement agencies. Generally, sworn Law Enforcement
officers must report which agency they are employed by to the state.
Although TGS's intention is to only include locations associated with agencies that meet the
above definition, TGS has discovered a few locations that are associated with agencies that
are not publicly funded. TGS deleted these locations as we became aware of them, but some
may still exist in this dataset.
Personal homes, administrative offices, and temporary locations are intended to be excluded
from this dataset; however, some personal homes of constables are included due to the fact
that many constables work out of their homes.
TGS has made a concerted effort to include all local police; county sheriffs; state police
and/or highway patrol; Bureau of Indian Affairs; Bureau of Land Management; Bureau of Reclamation;
U.S. Park Police; Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives; U.S. Marshals Service;
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; National Park Service; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement;
and U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
This dataset is comprised completely of license free data.
FBI entities are intended to be excluded from this dataset, but a few may be included.
The Law Enforcement dataset and the Correctional Institutions dataset were merged into one
working file. TGS processed as one file and then separated for delivery purposes.
With the merge of the Law Enforcement and the Correctional Institutions datasets, the NAICS
Codes & Descriptions were assigned based on the facility's main function which was determined
by the entity's name, facility type, web research, and state supplied data. In instances
where the entity's primary function is both law enforcement and corrections, the NAICS
Codes and Descriptions are assigned based on the dataset in which the record is located
(i.e., a facility that serves as both a Sheriff's Office and as a jail is designated
as [NAICSDESCR]="SHERIFFS' OFFICES (EXCEPT COURT FUNCTIONS ONLY)" in the Law Enforcement
layer and as [NAICSDESCR]="JAILS (EXCEPT PRIVATE OPERATION OF)" in the Correctional
Records with "-DOD" appended to the end of the [NAME] value are located on a military base,
as defined by the Defense Installation Spatial Data Infrastructure (DISDI) military installations
and military range boundaries.
"#" and "*" characters were automatically removed from standard fields that TGS populated.
Double spaces were replaced by single spaces in these same fields.
Text fields in this dataset have been set to all upper case to facilitate consistent
database engine search results.
All diacritics (e.g., the German umlaut or the Spanish tilde) have been replaced with
their closest equivalent English character to facilitate use with database systems that
may not support diacritics.
The currentness of this dataset is indicated by the [CONTDATE] field. Based on the values
in this field, the oldest record dates from 04/26/2006 and the newest record dates from 10/19/2009
Theme Keywords: Airport police, Border patrols., Campus police, Community policing., Constables, Correctional institutions., Criminal investigation., Drug enforcement agents, Fire marshals, Indian reservation police, Jails, Juvenile detention, Law enforcement., Military police, Peace officers, Police stations, Police, State., Police., Prisons., Railroad police, School police, Secret service., Sheriffs, Traffic police., Transit police, U.S. Customs and Border Protection., U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service., U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement., United States marshals., United States. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs., United States. Bureau of Reclamation., United States. National Park Service., Work camps, structure